What is Neuro-Developmental Optometry?
You may not aware of it, but your visual system brings you much information about your world. When you look at something, you don’t just ‘see’ with your eyes; you inspect, discriminate, identify and interpret all as part of your visual system. Neuro-developmental Optometry vision care is an expanded area of optometric practice. When you visit your Neuro-developmental Optometrist, you will notice a difference in your examination. You will find that you are tested for very specific skills. In our office, we evaluate a multitude of visual abilities related to development, academics, sports, attention, medical conditions and life in general, including occupational vision needs.
What is Vision Therapy?
There are many visual conditions that cannot be treated adequately with just glasses, contact lenses, and/or patching and are best resolved through a program of Vision Therapy. Vision Therapy is an individualized, supervised, treatment program designed to correct visual-motor and/or perceptual-cognitive deficiencies. These programs are tailored specifically to the unique visual demands of all patients and their respective conditions. Vision Therapy sessions include procedures designed to develop, rehabilitate, and remediate patient symptoms and problems with:
- Eye alignment
- Eye tracking and teaming
- Eye focusing abilities
- Eye movements
- Visual Processing
- Visual Motor Skills related to Balance
- Steropsis - Depth Perception
- Poor Binocular Coordination
- Convergence Insufficiency, Intermittent Exotropia
- Amblyopia, Diplopia, Strabismus, Hypertropia, Esotropia, Esophoria, etc.
- Stress-related Visual Problems
- Inconsistent or poor sports performance
Therapy procedures are individualized and use different techniques to train different abilities. Specialized therapeutic visual training equipment, lenses, prisms, and filters will be utilized. During the final stages of therapy, the patient's newly acquired visual skills are reinforced and made automatic through repetition and integration with motor and cognitive skills.
Symptoms of vision problems
- One eye turns in or out at any time
- Reddened eyes or lids
- Headaches in forehead or temples
- Burning or itchy eyes after reading or near work
- Print blurs after reading for a short time
- Complaints of seeing double (diplopia)
- Words move or ‘swim’ on the page
- Head turns while reading
- Loses place frequently during reading
- Needs finger or marker to keep place
- Short attention span
- Frequently omits words
- Rereads or skips lines
- Orients drawings poorly on page
- Repeats letters within words
- Omits letters, numbers, or phrases
- Misaligns digits in number columns
- Squints, closes or covers one eye
- Tilts head extremely while working at near
- Writes crookedly, poorly spaced; cannot stay on ruled lines
- Repeatedly confuses left-right directions
- Fails to recognize same word in next sentence
- Reverses letters and/or words in writing and copying
- Repeatedly confuses words with similar beginning and endings
- Fails to visualize what is read silently or aloud
- Quickly loses interest in reading
- Blinks excessively at desk tasks or reading
- Holds books too closely; face too close to desk
- Makes errors in copying from chalkboard to paper
- Makes errors in copying from page to paper
- Squints to see chalkboard, or requests to move nearer
- Rubs eyes during or after short periods of visual activity
- Blinks to clear chalkboard after reading or writing
Who Benefits from Vision Therapy?
Children and Adults with visual challenges, such as:
Learning-related Vision Problems
Vision Therapy can help those individuals who lack the necessary visual skills for effective reading, writing, and learning (i.e., eye movement and focusing skills, convergence, eye-hand coordination, visual perceptual skills, etc.)
Attention Deficit Disorders
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is being diagnosed with increasing frequency in both children and adults.
Poor Binocular (2-eyed) Coordination
Vision Therapy helps individuals develop normal coordination and teamwork of the two eyes (binocular vision). When the two eyes don't work together as an effective team, performance in many areas can suffer (reading, sports, depth perception, visual processing).
Amblyopia, Diplopia, Strabismus
Vision Therapy programs offer much higher cure rates for turned eyes and/or lazy eye when compared to eye surgery, glasses, and/or patching without therapy.
Stress-related Visual Problems (Blurred Vision, Computer related visual stress, headaches, motion sickness, etc.)
21st Century life demands more from our vision than ever before. Many children and adults constantly use their near vision at school, work and home. Environmental stresses on the visual system (including computer use and extended close work) can induce blurred vision, eyestrain, headaches, etc.
Visual Rehabilitation for Special Needs (Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Stroke Head Injury, Whiplash, CP, MS, etc.)
Vision can be compromised as a result of neurological disorders or trauma to the nervous system. Vision Therapy can effectively treat the visual consequences of brain trauma (including double vision).
- Nora - Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association
Visual Rehabilitation for Special Needs, Developmental Delays, Visual Perceptual and Visual Motor Deficits, Attention Deficit Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Sports Vision Improvement
Vision Therapy can be the answer to many visual problems. For more information, visit our Sports Therapy page.
There is a solution:
Dr. Agnes has studied the effects of stress on vision. Through the use of carefully selected stress-relieving and preventive lenses and/or visual training, you can enjoy relief from even the most stressful close-up visual conditions. Patients receive the clinical guidance needed to develop the skills which provide for an efficient visual system.